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Islamic History (Chronology):
6th Century (500-599) C.E.


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15th Century (1400-1499) C.E.
1400:     In the Burji Mamluks empire, The Mamluks lost Syria which was occupied by Amir Timur.
1401:     In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Timur Qutluq, the ruler, installed by Amir Timur. accession of Shadi Beg.
1402:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Defeat of Bayazid at the battle of Ankara, taken captive Amir Timur.
1403:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Muhammad I, the son of Bayazid ascended the throne.
1405:     In the Timurids empire, Death of Amir Timur, succession of his son Shah Rukh.
1407:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Shadi Beg, installation of Faulad Khan by the king maker Edigu.
1410:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Faulad Khan, installation of Timur.
1412:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Timur, installation of Jalaluddin. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Nasiruddin Faraj, succession of Al Muayyad.
1413:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Jalaluddin, installation of Karim Bardo.
1414:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Karim Bardo, installation of Kubak Khan.
1416:     In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Kubak Khan, installation of Jahar Balrawi. Deposition of Jahar Balrawi, installation of Chaighray.
1419:     In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Edigu, overthrow of Chaighray, power captured by Ulugh Muhammad.
1420:     In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad overthrown by Daulat Bairawi. 1420:     Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Yusuf; succession of his son Qara Iskandar. In Morocco, Assassination of Abu Said Othman; succession of his infant son Abdul Haq.
1421:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad I; accession of his son Murad II. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Al Muayyad, succession of Muzaffar Ahmad. Muzaffar Ahmad overthrown by Amir Saifuddin Tata, Death of Saifuddin Tata, succession of his son Muhammad. Muhammad overthrown by Amir Barsbay.
1424:     In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Daulat Bairawi, succession of Berk. In Algeria, The Halsida of Tunisia occupy Algeria. This state of affairs continued throughout the fifteenth century.
1425:     In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr, a prince of the house of Uzbeg declare his independence in the western part of Siberia,
1427:     In the Golden Horde empire, Berk overthrown by Ulugh Muhammad who captured power for the second time.
1430:     In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr occupies Khawarazm.
1434:     Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Deposition of Qara Iskandar; installation of his brother Jahan Shah. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Qara Othman, succession of his son Ali Beg. In Tunisia, Death of Abul Faris after a rule of forty years, succession of his son Abu Abdullah Muhammad.
1435:     In Tunisia, Deposition of Abu Abdullah Muhammad, power captured by Abu Umar Othman.
1438:     In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Barsbay, accession of his minor son Jamaluddin Yusuf; Yusuf overthrown and power captured by the Chief Minister Saifuddin Gakmuk. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Ali Beg overthrown by his brother Hamza.
1439:     In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad withdrew from Sarai and found the principality of Qazan. Said Ahmad came to power in Sarai.
1440:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Hamza overthrown by Jahangir a son of Ali Beg.
1441:     In the Golden Horde empire, Crimea seceded from Sarai.
1446:     In the Timurids empire, Death of Shah Rukh, succession of Ulugh Beg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Second battle of Kossova resulting in the victory of the Turks. Serbia annexed to Turkey and Bosnia became its vassal.
1447:     In the Golden Horde empire, Astra Khan seceded from Sarai.
1449:     In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr captures Farghana. In the Timurids empire, Death of Ulugh Beg, succession of Abdul Latif.
1450:     In the Timurids empire, Assassination of Abdul Latif, accession of Abu Said.
1451:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Murad II; accession of his son Muhammad II.
1453:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Capture of Constantinople by the Turks. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Jahangir; accession of his son Uzun Hasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Gakmuk. succession of his son Fakhruddin Othman. Othman overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Inal.
1454:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Attack against Wallachia, Wallachia became a vassal state of Turkey.
1456:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Serbia.
1461:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Inal, succession of his son Shahabuddin Ahmad. Shahabuddin Ahmad overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Khushqadam.
1462:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Albania.
1465:     In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Said Ahmad, succession of his son Khan Ahmad. In Morocco, Assassination of Abdul Haq. End of the Marinid rule. Power snatched by Sharif Muhammad al Jati.
1467:     Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Jahan Shah, end of the rule of the Black Sheep Turkoman rule. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Jahan Shah of the Black Sheep attacked the White Sheep. Jahan Shah was defeated and the Black Sheep territories annexed by the White Sheep. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Khushqadam, accession of his son Saifuddin Yel Bey. Deposition of Yel Bey, power captured by the Mamluk General Temur Bugha.
1468:     In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Abul Khayr, succession of his son Haidar Sultan. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Uzun Hasan defeated the Timurids at the battle of Qarabagh whereby the White Sheep became the masters of Persia and Khurasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Femur Bugha, power captured by the Mamluk General Qait Bay.
1469:     In the Timurids empire, Death of Abu Said, disintegration of the Timurid state. In Khurasan Hussain Baygara came to power and he ruled during the remaining years of the fifteenth century.
1472:     In Morocco, Sharif Muhammad al Jati overthrown by the Wattisid chief Muhammad al Shaikh who establishes the rule of the Wattisid dynasty.
1473:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, War against Persia; Persians defeated.
1475:     In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Crimea. War against Venice. Tukey became the master of the Aegean Sea.
1478:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Uzun Hasan, succession of his son Khalil.
1479:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Khalil overthrown by his uncle Yaqub.
1480:     In the Golden Horde empire, Assassination of Khan Ahmad, succession of his son Said Ahmad II.
1481:     In the Golden Horde empire, Said Ahmad I1 overthrown by his brother Murtada. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad II, accession of Bayazid II.
1488:     In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Haider Sultan, succession of his nephew Shaybani Khan. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Umar Othman after a rule of 52 years, succession of Abu Zikriya Yahya.
1489:     In Tunisia, Abu Zikriya Yahya overthrown by Abul Mumin.
1490:     In Tunisia, Abul Mumin overthrown, power recaptured by Abu Yahya.
1493:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Yaqub. accession of his son Bayangir.
1495:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Bayangir overthown by his cousin Rustam.
1496:     In the Burji Mamluks empire, Abdication of Qait Bay, succession of his son Nasir Muhammad.
1497:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Rustam overthrown by Ahmad. Anarchy and fragmentation.
1498:     In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Nasir Muhammad, power captured by Zahir Kanauh.
1499:     In the Uzbegs empire, Shayhani Khan conquered Transoxiana. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Murtada, succession of Said Ahmad III." In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeated the Venetian fleet in the battle of Lepanto.