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Islamic History (Chronology):
6th Century (500-599) C.E.     |     home
16th Century (1500-1599) C.E.
1500:     In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat.
1501:     Isamil I establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state religion.
1507:     The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf.
1508:     Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, End of the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their territories by the Safawids.
1511:     D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the Muslims.
1517:     The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt.
1520:     The reign of Sulayman the Magnificent begins.
1526:     Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of Mohacs.
1526:     The Battle of Panipat in India, and the Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra.
1528:     The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary.
1529:     Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna.
1550:     The architect Sinan builds the Suleymaniye mosque in Istanbul.
1550:     The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Atjeh in Sumatra.
1550:     Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas, and Borneo.
1556:     The death of Sulayman the Magnificent.
1568:     Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos (Muslims forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain.
1571:     The Ottomans are defeated at the naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is brought to a close.
1578:     The Battle of the Three Kings at Qasr al-Kabir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is  killed.
1588:     Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I begins.
1591:     Mustaili Ismailis split into Sulaymanis and Daudis.